Acute compartment syndrome (ACS)

Acute compartment syndrome (ACS)

Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is an issue that increases the pressure on fascial spaces hence compromising the tissue. Increased pressure in the enclosed ventral space worsens capillary pumping and causes muscle rapture and tissue necrosis. Increased tissue pressures may result in ACS. High-pressure causes capillary pressure to be insufficient hence unable to maintain microcirculation causing ischemic nerve rapture. Acute compartment syndrome is an uncommon problem of 1V infiltration. Suppose the condition is not early handled, it can cause permanent injury to the nerves. Infusion nods are never made for detecting IV infiltration. Therefore, compartment syndrome can occur as a result of IV infiltration regardless of efficiently operating IV infusion pumps (Zafar et al., 2016). The signs of acute compartment illness include pain, paresthesia, and pallor. Detection of compartment syndrome rely on clinical symptoms. Patients that are unresponsive, obtunded and anesthesia conditions cannot convey pain; hence these patients are at high risk for IV infiltration.


Identifying 1V infiltration among patients at an early stage enables the treatment of the condition before it escalates to severe conditions. Impedance indicators were recognized to identify the spotting of 1V infiltration. The infusions assemble at the extracellular fluid (ECF) and influence the cell membrane functioning. According to the previous experiments, the indicators identified a significant difference between two to three minutes in rabbits’ ears and 15 minutes in humans’ forearms after infiltration (Jeong et al., 2019). Bioelectrical impedance is identified as an efficient method for the determining infiltration at early stages. Biometrical impedance analysis can be utilized to measure the hydration status of the patient, body composition edema and nutrition status of the patient.

Careful interpretation of the results collected from biometrical impedance is crucial for the nurses and other healthcare professionals. Nurses and other health care professionals should inspect the occurrence of IV Infiltration regularly and measure infiltration parameters as soon as possible. Optimal methods of near-infrared light are adequate to facilitate noninvasive monitoring of 1V infiltration. Ultrasound would identify little amounts of moisture and subcutaneous injections hence providing a possible recommendation for the forthcoming assessment of IV lookout.

Nurses have a role to play to facilitate the cohesion of the 1V infiltration and stop any harm to the patient. They should also be aware of the possibility for destroying tissue derived from infiltration. Intracellular fluid is applied to bioelectric impedance analysis to detect IV infiltration at early stages. The resistance gradually decreases with time when infiltration occurs, indicating that the IV solution has accumulated into intracellular fluid. Reducing postoperative pain is necessary for every patient (Moharari et al., 2016). Pre-incisional infiltration of the wounds could minimize pain after surgery. Health care professionals should prolong the amount of time before the first analgesic administration and reduce the number of analgesics consumed by the patient.


Develop effective Impedance indicators in healthcare facilities, especially on inpatients admitted in hospitals for a long time and those with underlying conditions that often get injections to control their health issues. Nurses and other healthcare professionals should be educated and trained on handling and physically examining the patient and discovering the pain related to IV infiltration. The training, which should take a maximum of three weeks, should also include training healthcare professionals on effective ways to analyze the results conducted by the impedance indicators.

Technicians should often check bioelectric impedance to ensure that they are effective and do not give faulty results when testing the patients. The patients should also learn to have a good relationship with the health professional to ensure that they report any signs and symptoms they feel related to IV infiltration. Frequent monitoring of IV condition is advised to detect it at early stages and prevent it from escalating to severe issues. Implementing effective bioelectric impedance indicators and skilled healthcare professionals will help improve early detection of IV infiltration among patients and reduce patients’ pain. The amount of time spent in hospitals and care will be diverted to other patients.

Follow-up for the project will be effective upon regular training and examining the condition of the bioelectric impedance indicators to ensure that they are safe and effective for use on patients. Replacing faulty indicators will also be adequate to ensure that they do not run out in the healthcare facility. Frequently evaluate nurses to ensure that they efficiently utilize their hands appropriately. Examine the patients to assess their satisfaction with the indicators used on their bodies to detect IV infiltration.


IV infiltration can cause skin swelling and pain. Some IV medications may cause the skin and tissue to die if the medicine leak to the tissues. IV infiltration pose significant risks to hospitalized pediatric patients leading to increased hospital-acquired pain, painful procedures and lengthy stays in the hospitals. Recognition of IV infiltration condition among patients using effective indicators and physically examining the patients will effectively manage the infection. Regular assessment of the patient will enable the indicators to detect the disease at early stages before it escalates to severe problems which may cause dysfunction of the limb. Nurses and healthcare professionals have a role in reducing IV infiltration because some health professionals carelessly cause patients’ issues. Practical interpretation of the results will ensure correct analysis and treatment of the patients. Improved acknowledgement by healthcare professionals of the risk factors linked to IV infiltration and the enforcement of an examination and curing protocol can significantly reduce the rate of IV infiltration conditions among patients.




Jeong, I. S., Lee, E. J., Kim, J. H., Kim, G. H., Hwang, Y. J., & Jeon, G. R. (2019). Detection of intravenous infiltration using impedance parameters in patients in a long-term care hospital. Plos one14(3), e0213585.

Moharari, R. S., Valizade, A., Najafi, A., Etezadi, F., Hosseini, S. R., Khashayar, P., … & Mojtahedzadeh, M. (2016). Analgesic efficacy of nephrostomy tract infiltration of bupivacaine and ketamine after tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a prospective randomized trial. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical research: IJPR15(2), 619.

Park, S. M., Jeong, I. S., & Jun, S. S. (2016). Identification of risk factors for intravenous infiltration among hospitalized children/ Unresponsive patients: a retrospective study. PloS one11(6), e0158045.

Zafar, W., Chaucer, B., Felek, S., Arsura, E. L., & Nfonoyim, J. (2016). Identification Bracelet Precipitated Acute Compartment Syndrome during Intravenous Infusion in an Obtunded Patient. Case reports in critical care2016