Family Dynamics in Substance Abuse Discussion Response

Respond to this discussion indetail please.

Most treatments for adolescents and young adults are developed for patients who are ready to change, and you may often feel frustrated when the young person does not follow your recommendations (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a collaborative, person-centered form of guiding to elicit and strengthening motivation for change (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).MI is a way of communicating with an individual to motivate them into changing their behaviors to healthier ones.

A young person’s cognitive thoughts will differ greatly from an adult.The Formal Operational stage is the final stage of cognitive development beginning at approximately age 11 and extending into adulthood.During this period, the cognitive process of reasoning and formal thinking patterns radically changes and develops (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).The way an adolescent respond to change will determine where they are at in this stage.Adolescents with less cognitively developed resources will require that you tailor your discussions to short-term or concrete changes, while older adolescents and /or those with more developed cognitive processes may benefit from conversations targeting long-term goals and values (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).

A young person’s perception, attention, retrieval, and manipulation of information is examined through the information-processing approach.This approach consists of two steps; interpretation and higher-order thought processes.

Interpretation is when a young person lacks the necessary life experiences to facilitate an accurate judgement and analysis of facts.Thus, they are more susceptible to interpretational biases (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).They don’t know enough about a situation to understand the negative effects of what could happen to them.

Higher-order thought processes happen when young people rely on negative information and disconfirming evidence, and they seek to negate in their thinking instead of looking at what is exactly true about the information and applying it to their thinking.

Identity and role formulation has been describes as one of the most important tasks of the young person’s development (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).It is harder for young people to make long-term changes at this time because of the new, temporary roles they are trying in their lives.

Identity and Adolescence is the stage where the goal of establishing a personal identity is achieved by evaluating one’s own personal positive and negative qualities to help clarify one’s self-concept and determine the type of adult one wants to become in the future (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011). 

Identity and Emerging Adulthood is the period where emerging adults experience new life roles (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011). 

Autonomy is the time when young people establish their uniqueness from others, and new interests, values, goals, and world-views divergent from close others may emerge (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).

Family and Peers is the stage where friendships become both a primary and stressful part of the young person’s life (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).Social acceptance tends to foster overall well-being, while rejection leads to engagement in problematic behaviors (Naar-King & Suarez, 2011).


Naar-King, S., & Suarez, M. (2011). Motivational Interviewing with Adolescents and Young Adults. New York: The Guilford Press.