Four questions based on Stuarts Greene

There are four questions based on Stuart Greene’s “Argument as Conversation” from Unit Five’s Lesson.

1. On page 145, what does Stuart Greene in “Argument as a Conversation” mean when he writes that “writing is a form of inquiry” and that “writing begins with problems, conflicts, and questions”?

2. Please summarize the following passage on page 146 in your own words, writing at least three sentences:
“Reading necessarily plays a prominent role in the many forms of writing that you do, but not simply as a process of gathering information. This is true whether you write personal essays, editorials, or original research based on library research. Instead, as James Crosswhite suggests in his book The Rhetoric of Reason, reading ‘means making judgments about which of the many voices one encounters can be brought together into productive conversation’ (131).
When we sit down to write an argument intended to persuade someone to do or to believe something, we are never really the first to broach the topic about which we are writing. Thus, learning how to write a researched argument is a process of learning how to enter conversations that are already going on in written form.”

3. On page 147, Greene lists five things writers need to figure out to answer in order to write an engaging and effective research paper. What are they?

4. On page 149, how does Greene define “framing”? Can you give an example of what “framing” means?