Question 1: Manuscripts of the Early Middle Ages
Before the invention of the printing press, books were copied by hand one at a time by illuminators, and the vellum was often embellished with beautiful calligraphy and intricate patterns and designs.
Using your course textbook locate three examples of illuminated manuscripts from the early Middle Ages. Read about each one in your textbook, course lectures, and through reliable internet resources
First, completely identify each manuscript and/or manuscript page by title, date, and location where it was created.
In a minimum of 2 well-developed paragraphs address the following questions:
- Who commissioned the creation of the manuscript? Why?
- What was the purpose of the manuscript?
- How do the visual characteristics of each manuscript contribute to or enhance its message or meaning?
- How do the reasons these manuscripts were created compare with religious texts created today?
Be sure to explain your ideas clearly and support them by discussing specific details about each manuscript.
Question 2: Romanesque and Gothic Cathedrals
Both Romanesque and Gothic architecture displayed distinctive characteristics and features. For this assignment, select one example of Romanesque church architecture and one example of Gothic church architecture from your course textbook. Read about each one in your textbook, course lectures, and through reliable internet resources.
First, completely identify the two cathedrals you have selected by name, date, and location.
Then, in a minimum of 3 well-developed paragraphs, address the following questions:
- What architectural details are evident in each cathedral that make it representative of either the Romanesque or Gothic style?
- What sort of decoration (interior and exterior) was employed in each cathedral? What was the meaning of the sculptures, paintings, windows that adorned each cathedral?
- What was the visitor or viewer experience in each cathedral?
Travel Journal to Points of Interest from the Early Middle Ages, Romanesque, and Gothic Worlds
Travel, whether it was to the Middle East to fight in the Crusades or on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, was an activity that shaped the Middle Ages.
For this assignment, put yourself in the place of a person living during Middle Ages who traveled throughout Europe. Select a total of six representative pieces of art or architecture that date from this period in history. You should have 2 examples from each of the time periods in the Middle Ages: two examples from the Early Middle ages, two that represent the Romanesque, and two that represent Gothic art. Each example should reflect the essential characteristics of its time period. Your objects need to date between 400 CE and 1300 CE—the time span that encompasses the Early Middle Ages, Romanesque, and Gothic periods.
When you return from your travels, prepare a journal that includes the following information for each of your six representative works of art:
- A photograph of the object
- Identifying information:
- Name of the artist (if available)
- Title of the work
- Date of the work
- Medium/materials used to create the work
- Then, write a paragraph of 4-6 sentences that:
- Describes the visual characteristics that makes the object representative of its style
- Places the work within its social and historical context and explains why it is culturally significant
Finally, in a well-developed paragraph of 6-8 sentences, summarize what you have learned from your travels, highlighting key similarities and distinctions between the six objects you selected for discussion