Viral upper respiratory infection. 

Question 3

A 5-year-old child who has no previous history of otitis media is seen in clinic with a temperature of 100° F. The primary care NP visualizes bilateral erythematous, nonbulging, intact tympanic membranes. The child is taking fluids well and is playing with toys in the examination room. The NP should:

prescribe azithromycin once daily for 5 days.

prescribe amoxicillin twice daily for 10 days.

prescribe amoxicillin-clavulanate twice daily for 10 days.

initiate antibiotic therapy if the child’s condition worsens.

An 80-year-old patient with congestive heart failure has a viral upper respiratory infection. The patient asks the primary care NP about treating the fever, which is 38.5° C. The NP should:

recommend acetaminophen.

recommend high-dose acetaminophen.

tell the patient that antibiotics are needed with a fever that high.

tell the patient a fever less than 40° C does not need to be treated.