Research paper writing help

Do you need extensive research paper to take the final steps towards graduation? We support you in planning, carrying out and writing your research paper!

research paperWhat is research paper writing?

Research papers are a form of academic quality assurance that must be written at a comparatively late stage in the course. After the students have been introduced to academic writing in the course of the first semester or the basic course and have written various term papers and term papers, the number of semesters also increases the demands on the written coursework.

In many subjects, the research paper is one of the last achievements (or even the last achievement) that must be written before admission to the master’s thesis or final thesis. The quality requirements that are placed on a research paper are correspondingly high: it is not only longer, but also more comprehensive in terms of content than all the papers that the students have written up to this point in time – the supervising lecturers usually also expect the Research subject is developed from a research gap.

In terms of effort and requirements, the research paper is definitely a bachelor’s or even a master’s thesis to compare. Your grade can also have a significant impact on the final grade. A good research paper with a research-relevant topic can even raise a question that is later taken up and further worked on in the final thesis, for example the master’s thesis. In terms of its scope, however, the research paper forms a study project that takes time: In addition to other examinations or in the current semester, very little research paper can be completed satisfactorily. The lecture-free time is often too short to carry out research paper, especially if other study achievements have to be performed. With a ghostwriter at your side, you will find time to do all of the services you need to provide to plan precisely and to develop in a structured manner. As our experienced academics relieve you of many tasks, you can concentrate on the essential aspects of your studies or your research.

What services does a research paper include?

With the research paper, students should prove that they are able to independently work on a topic for which there are no long lists of specialist literature. For example, while a house or the bachelor thesis can consist of reprocessing already existing knowledge and considering it from a new point of view or an alternative question, the universities require significantly more personal contribution as part of a research paper. The first section of the research therefore consists in finding a topic or developing a question that has not yet been worked out academically in this form. Therefore, students often only find topics for research paper in special colloquia that specialize in precisely this type of academic work. But even those who sit attentively in lectures and seminars can discover research gaps that need to be closed as part of a research project.

If you have found a topic or worked out a question together with our ghostwriters, a phase of research follows. The aim is to collect literature on the topic and to ascertain the current state of research – building on the point at which the specialist literature ends, the actual research can now begin. Depending on the subject in which you are writing a research paper, theoretical, practical or empirical work may be required. It is now up to the students to prove that they have mastered the fundamentals of academic work and that they can apply their knowledge and develop it innovatively.

research paperHow do our ghostwriters help you write the research paper?

As an agency for academic writing, we focus on high-quality research and assured quality. For your research project, we will provide you with an experienced academic who will support you as a ghostwriter. However, there is more to this than just writing academic texts: Our ghostwriters help you develop a topic, advise you during research and support you in sorting your results and bringing them into an academically high-quality form. Depending on how much time you have and how intensively you would like to research and write yourself, our academics can contribute to your research project in a variety of ways – from pure advice to drafting sample texts, there are numerous levels,

A structured and targeted approach to the research is the top priority for our ghostwriters. In order to provide you with the best possible support, we will bring you together with an academic who not only has experience in academic writing, but is also very familiar with your specialist field.

How long does it take to get a research paper written?

As a comprehensive academic achievement that is subject to high quality standards, research paper is one of the academic papers that requires good planning and a structured way of working. Depending on how much time you have before submitting the work, our ghostwriters can familiarize themselves intensively but also quickly with your topic and complete the research by a date set at the beginning. However, in order to be able to achieve a high academic quality, the period should not be too short. Even experienced academics need time to develop a question, review the state of research and develop new research approaches. Especially during the planning phase, in which the course is set for the content of the research paper, it makes sense to

How long it takes to write a research paper also depends on the required scope and your personal approach: For example, if you want to do research yourself and regularly receive advice from our ghostwriters, the processing time may be longer. If, on the other hand, you want to use every minute because your deadline is approaching, our academics can relieve you of many tasks and speed up the pace. In this context, you should not overlook the fact that you still need a period of time to correct and revise your manuscript at the end of the writing phase: Because certain connections only become clear after the last chapter has been written, intensive and professional editing should be carried out at the end respectively.

What are the phases of the writing process in a research paper?

The more systematically and structured a research paper is developed and written, the less it has to be revised before it is submitted. Research therefore begins with the formulation of a topic or the research gap that is to be closed with a scientific research contribution. The question usually also indicates whether the research paper is theoretical, practical or empirical in nature.

This is followed by a research phase. The aim here is to ascertain the state of research and to formulate the basis of the work. Building on this, the actual research, i.e., the part of the work that is defined as an independent academic work, can begin. Only when all the results have been compiled and evaluated can the actual writing begin. The written drafting of the research paper should also follow a previously developed structure, which at the same time specifies the structure of the manuscript. While you are writing, our ghostwriters support you with sample chapters or read and evaluate your drafts in terms of their academic quality. Finally, there is a revision and correction phase in which we can also provide you with experienced editors if necessary, bring together


How to write a thesis case study?

case studyA case study, also known under the English term ‘case study,’ is a qualitative research method you can use for your bachelor’s or master’s thesis.

In the case study, you take an empirical approach and examine a case from different angles.

This case can be an organization, a person, a place, or an event and should open up new insights into your research topic.

What is a case study?

In a case study, you focus on analyzing an individual case and linking it to an existing theory that you filter out in your literature research. The aim is to understand the point, to explain it, and to clarify open questions.

Here’s how to do a case study

The case study is one of the more straightforward research methods, but it involves at least as much research as, for example, the surveyor the expert interview.

In the following five steps, which we have already shown you in the example, we explain in detail how you can proceed in your case study:

  1. Set research goal
  2. Select case
  3. Find relevant literature & theory.
  4. Describe the case
  5. Analyze case

Define research goal

The first thing to do is formulate your research question so that you know exactly what you want to investigate using the case study.

Since the case study is qualitative research, how or why questions are best for analysis.

 Select case

Choosing your case should be carefully considered. Because this should be relevant to your research question and not be selected at random.

Suitable: for peopleorganizationsplacesevents, or phenomena.

These characteristics make a good case study:

  • It is an unusual or atypical example.
  • The case provides new or unimagined insights into a problem.
  • The case critically questions existing assumptions.
  • The case represents new approaches to a problem.
  • The fall opens up new directions for future research.

case studyFind relevant literature and theory.

After your research question and the case, you want to investigate have been determined, you now have to connect to the literature.

To do this, you carry out a literature search and choose suitable theories on your topic that you can refer to in your case analysis. You are deductive when comparing your case study with existing literature on your topic.

Describe the case

After you have carried out a literature search, you can describe your case study. You tell your case and explain all the relevant details. If it is an event, it is a good idea to create a timeline of the event.

Provide comprehensive details that make up your case study and stand out from other possible causes in the area of ​​your research question.

Analyze the case

The last part is the analysis of the case. You explain why this example is relevant to your research and how it can answer your research question.

You will investigate what is behind the case and what links you can make to the literature and existing theories you have filtered out during your literature research.

Type of case study Possible analysis
Event ·         When and where did the event take place?

·         Why did you choose this event for your case study?

·         What circumstances led to the event?

·         What were the consequences of the event?

Person ·         Why did you choose this person?

·         What experiences has he/she had that you can use for your research?

·         How relevant is this person to your research?

Companies ·         Why did you choose this company?

·         What values ​​does the company represent?

·         What strategies is the company pursuing?

·         How did the company deal with a particular event?

Place ·         What are the characteristics of this place, and why are they relevant to your problem?

·         Physical, social, cultural, economic, or political characteristics.

Phenomenon ·         Why is this phenomenon relevant to your research question? Why did you choose this one for your case study?

·         Detailed analysis of cause and effect.

It is also possible to combine the case study with other scientific methods such as expert interviews or group discussions.

When you combine qualitative and quantitative research, you have a mixed-methods approach. If you want to include several theories, methods, or researchers in your research, you can choose triangulation as the methodology.

Different perspectives will give you additional information and opinions that you can apply to your case study. This way, you can get a more detailed picture of your case.

Benefits of a case study

Using a case study as a method for your thesis has some advantages.

They are:

  • You have the opportunity to analyze a case from several perspectives.
  • The case is related to real life, so your research is realistic.
  • A case study is much less organizational than connected to a survey.
  • It can uncover previously unknown problems or issues through case studies.

Therefore, the case study is a suitable method for taking a detailed look at a problem or question.


How to write a scientific paper?

A scientific paper deals with a topic that is worked out systematically and logically.

A scientific paper’s structure is divided into an introduction, the main part, and a conclusion. This is followed by the bibliography and often an affidavit.

We’ll show you the most important rules that you should follow when writing academic papers.


The introduction to your text consists of

  • The description of the target
  • The introduction to the topic and
  • The description of the structure of your scientific work

Goal of the scientific work

Your scientific work can have different goals:

  • A question, e.g., A research question, is answered.
  • A hypothesis, statement, or opinion is confirmed or refuted.
  • A complicated subject is explained.
  • A new phenomenon or a new idea is discussed.
  • A certain prediction is made about a situation.

scientific paperIntroduction to the topic

As soon as you know your scientific paper goal, you can familiarize yourself with the underlying topic.

In the introduction, you present the topic and thereby establish a framework for your scientific work.

Description of the structure

You describe which sub-topics you will deal with in the individual sections of the scientific work.

Before writing the introduction on a scientific paper, create a keyword list for your scientific work’s goal, topic, and subtopic. This makes it easier to structure and describe the structure of your work in the introduction.


In the main part of your scientific work, you will develop answers to your question by:

  • Narrow down your topic and explain technical terms
  • Theories and concepts are investigating.
  • Name arguments and structure them.
  • Use research methods if necessary.
  • Your text into sections and paragraphs

Narrow down the topic and explain technical terms

In your main part, give enough background information on your topic.

Define all relevant technical terms that are necessary for understanding your scientific work.

Explore theories and concepts

Do a literature search to find out which studies on your subject already exist. Provide an overview of the current state of research and present essential theories and concepts.

Make sure to identify other people’s thoughts by properly citing sources, direct quotations, or paraphrases.

Argue correctly

Build your argument logically by including information such as:

  • Describing chronologically
  • Organize according to their importance
  • Structured according to sub-topics
  • From different perspectives

Use research methods

You can generate answers to your questions by doing your research. The application of methods is common for theses.

If you use research methods in your scientific work, please state:

  • What kind of exam are you doing?
  • How you collect the data
  • What characteristics your data have
  • How to conduct your investigation
  • How to analyze your data

Also, make sure that you adhere to quality criteria such as validity and reliability.

Use sections and paragraphs

A logical division into sections or chapters and paragraphs is crucial for the structure of your scientific work.

If one can break down your scientific work into sub-topics, divide the sub-topics into sub-chapters.


At the end, you round off the scientific work by:

  • Summarizes the main insights of your main part
  • Describes whether and how the goal of the work was achieved and
  • Meet important requirements for a happy ending.

Target achievement

In the introduction, you described your scientific work’s aim and dealt with the associated topic in the main part.

In the end, you reflect on whether and how you have achieved this goal. If you didn’t achieve the goal, reflect on why you did. Also, describe what alternatively you could have done to achieve it.

Requirements for a happy ending

To write a happy ending, you should:

  • Depict how you achieved the goal or reflect on why you did not achieve it
  • Take up important topics from the main part again precisely.
  • Do not mention any new information.
  • Do not interpret results.
  • Relate to facts and quote them correctly
  • Do not give any new examples.
  • Formulate a catchy last sentence

scientific paperBibliography

In the bibliography, you list all sources that you have cited and used in your scientific work.

Enter the author, year of publication, title, place of publication, and publisher for each source.

Make sure that you use a consistent citation style throughout the text.

Statutory declaration

Depending on your field of study’s requirements, you may have to insert an affidavit at the end of your scientific work.

You declare that you wrote the work yourself and that you only used the sources you specified in the bibliography.


What are the reasons to fail your masters thesis?

This is really bad luck for students if their masters thesis fails. Academic writing is associated with many problems and difficulties, so students are always afraid of it. The preparation of a master’s thesis can be divided into several stages:

  • Topic finding;
  • Preparation and literature research;
  • Collection and processing of research materials;
  • Experiment and collate the results;
  • Conclusions;
  • Writing the working text;
  • Examination of the work and formatting of your text.

masters thesisOne should also not forget the plagiarism check, as it is an important assessment of the work quality. Typically, each student has from 4 to 6 months, depending on the subject, to go through all of these writing and research stages. Not all can overcome the difficulties and often make the critical mistakes that lead to the master’s thesis’s failure. This is a serious problem that needs to be solved if the student wants to get a Master’s degree.

What could go wrong in the masters thesis writing process?

When the student is doing his masters thesis, he must first show it to a supervisor and evaluate the work. The supervisor is the first person to say that the masters thesis has no chance in defense. What should you do? And how do you find real reasons for failure when you fail your master’s thesis?

To understand what went wrong, you have to analyze the content of the work again. There are the obvious causes that lower the quality of work:

  • incorrect quotation and plagiarism;
  • wrong structure;
  • missing red thread;
  • unfulfilled tasks in research;
  • unanswered scientific questions;
  • missing structural elements;
  • grammatical and spelling mistakes;
  • unchecked data;
  • unclear wording;
  • inadequate science.

If such inconsistencies are noticed in the finished text, the student should rewrite his masters thesis and correct the errors. It is strongly recommended to proofread the work before submitting it. The student should read the text again and check all information to ensure that it has been correctly phrased and presented.

There is a way to avoid these problems. The editing of the work should be commissioned. The writing experts can do the masters thesis ideally. But how can the student improve his academic work independently?

The problem always has a solution!

The first thing you can do when failing your masters thesis is to initiate a conversation with the supervisor. The supervisor is usually a lecturer. He or she is understood to be the most experienced academic writer.

The conversation becomes productive when the student first reads and understands a supervisor’s report on the work. Then he can ask the essential questions:

  1. How can you understand each point of criticism?
  2. How to start improving work
  3. When can you have a second attempt with a master’s thesis?

This consultation with the supervisor helps the student cope faster and more effectively with the work’s rewriting.

masters thesisIf there is plagiarism in the text, it means that the student has misquoted the foreign thoughts. Therefore, he should find and use the correct citation method.

Your supervisor or an experienced editor can help with the text’s scientific style and the correct presentation of the data. The scientific nature of writing is a mandatory requirement for all student work. It means that the information must be presented using an academic writing style. The student should understand the technical terms correctly and introduce them correctly into the text. It is forbidden to use the everyday idioms and lexicons and the personal pronoun “I.”

If “the common thread” of the work is wrong, one should consider research and writing guidelines. One should correctly formulate and present the meaning of the work. To do this, you should check the research questions and objectives again.

Improving the structure of an academic paper is not a problem. The student should follow a standardized template:

  • Title page;
  • Abbreviations;
  • Content plan;
  • Introduction with topic update;
  • theoretical part;
  • experimental part;
  • Discussion;
  • Conclusions;
  • Bibliography;
  • Attachments

If the research is done properly, it is easy to formulate the headings for each chapter. The first part always presents the theoretical basis of the work. The practical chapter is written aside because it is dedicated to the special experimental tasks. It is not uncommon for the heading of such a chapter, to begin with, the words: “Developing the model …” or “Studying the properties …”.

Some tips

It would be better to study all the academic paper requirements in advance and follow them diligently. Unfortunately, some students understand this simple rule too late, making gross mistakes in their academic texts. No wonder that in this case, the master’s thesis is not passed.

The main tip for all students is this: prepare yourself very well for writing! It means doing a thorough literature search, planning and thinking about all the research stages, and then going through them in a timely and incremental manner. They say: hurry with a while!

Very often, you should consult with your supervisor because you don’t have that much experience. Not all tasks can be done well for the first time.

However, the student should seek every opportunity to receive additional supervision or advice. It is important because academic performance and future careers depend directly on the masters thesis success. To avoid risks or to correct mistakes that have already been made, you can contact our ghostwriters. They are real experts in more than 50 fields and can handle any task.


Qualitative and quantitative research writing

research writingThe scientific research writing method is difficult to understand for many students. It is even more difficult to choose the right methods for a specific research project correctly.

The students create numerous academic papers at each stage of their studies. Nevertheless, they do not understand what the choice of method depends on. First, it is recommended to clarify what it means to conduct an empirical study.

An overview of the empirical research writing process

Research is always associated with the experiment, analysis, systematization, and evaluation of the data. The experiments cannot only be carried out in the laboratories. Accordingly, the research data and results can be presented in numerals and facts, descriptive elements, and other work information.

The research process has a specific structure. It is different in each subject, but each study contains the following stages:

  • Topic finding;
  • Literature search;
  • Problem definition;
  • Determination of conception;
  • Question and choice of method;
  • Practical part or experiment;
  • Data collection and evaluation;
  • Data interpretation;
  • Conclusions

The choice of scientific work methods, in other words, the research tools, depends on the question. A researcher should determine what questions to answer in the study and what methods to use in the process. Accordingly, a distinction is made between inductive and deductive research and between qualitative and quantitative research methods.

What methods are suitable for inductive research writing?

If you want to develop a new theory or new scientific model on a known theoretical basis, you should carry out an inductive study.

It is believed that based on an observed individual case, one can create the hypothesis and draw conclusions for similar cases. Should use qualitative research methods for this type of study.

This type of method is based on observation and description. The thoughts, opinions, and ideas of other people who appear as interviewers are important. It allows the research object to be examined more deeply and the research problem to be studied in detail.

We can say that qualitative research writing is based on the collection and analysis of non-numerical data. The qualitative methods do not focus on the statistical assessments and measurements but understand and interpret empirical data. Such measures represent these methods:

  • Group discussion;
  • Expert interview;
  • Qualitative content analysis;
  • Observation

These methods are used in direct communication with the groups of interviewers. The data is fresh, and you can get it firsthand. But it is not so easy to gather a group of the right people. These measures are very often time-consuming and costly.

research writingQuantitative methods and their principles

Quantitative research is usually combined with various surveys. These are based on the use of structured closed surveys. Besides, they are carried out in writing or orally. A large number of respondents take part in these surveys.

The quantitative study has a well-defined format. People are given a list of specific questions they should answer. Then the researcher carries out statistical processing of the collected data through ordered procedures. The researcher analyzes, systematizes, and evaluates the information.

The quantitative methods also make it possible to check the validity of the data obtained through qualitative research. One uses the surveys with the use of statistical methods of samples, observations, and experiments.

The results of the surveys are presented in numerical values ​​and percentages. You can easily compare and contrast these results. This is a statistical test of the relationships between various characteristics, properties, and features.

Quantitative research is only effective if it meets three important quality criteria: objectivity, validity, and reliability. It means that different researchers must achieve similar results under similar research conditions. It is also about whether the survey was created correctly and can provide real results.

How can you use both types of methods in combination?

In modern social science studies, attempts are made to make optimal use of both types of methods. It is not uncommon for these to be used in combination. It is related to the researcher’s striving for deeper, more effective, and varied research.

On the one hand, the quantitative methods guarantee fixed data and predictability. It is easier to operate with statistical data. On the other hand, it isn’t easy to interpret qualitative characteristics such as people’s deep motivations or assessments. Because of this, it becomes apparent that mixing methods is sometimes a necessity.

The combination of qualitative focus groups and a quantitative survey serves as an example of the effective use of research methods. This can significantly improve the quantitative questionnaires. It also allows the first hypotheses to be formulated and the research objectives to be specified more precisely.

The qualitative and quantitative methods are particularly often used in sociology, philology, and psychology. Research on society and its particularities is the focus in these specialist areas.


How to write a research summary?

summaryThis article provides tips on how to write a good summary. Be very attentive! Your exams depend on it.

The examination period is just around the corner. The preparation is in full swing. You learned a lot of different information during the semester, but your knowledge leaves a lot to be desired. Do you know that successfully writing a summary is a key requirement for successfully passing your exams? But not everyone knows how to write a good summary without having missed the most important lecture contents. Here you will find explanations of what a summary is and how you can improve your examination performance.

What is a summary?

A summary should reflect a key statement and the actual content of a text. Although you miss small details and shorten the content, a text remains as informative as possible.

You learn to summarize a book or a film in school because it is part of the basic writing skills. These skills are used when you prepare a study sheet as you prepare for the exam. This summary is usually no more than three pages, and your exam preparation depends on its quality. We have put together a list of tips that can help you write a study slip.

Tips for writing a summary

Tip 1: Put all learning materials together

Before you start making a study slip, you should make sure that you have put together all the content conveyed in the lecture. The most common mistake many students make is starting their summary without considering all of the study material. That way, they miss out on a lot of important facts and create an inferior study sheet.

Collect all available learning materials, and don’t leave anything aside!

Tip 2: design structure

Structure of the collected lecture contents according to the topics. This way, you can see the order in which you will enter them in your summary. If you fail to do this, it becomes more difficult to recognize which content belongs to which topic.

Create a clear structure and avoid unnecessary mix-ups!

Tip 3: determine the focus

After you have collected and structured all the content, you move on to the next step: Determining the focus. Establish priorities and find out which topics you need to pay more attention to and are not particularly relevant for your exam. You write down the most important things on your study sheet and leave out the unimportant. If you skip this step, your summary will be too long and full of unnecessary information.

Set priorities, sort the topics according to importance, and eliminate everything unimportant!

Tip 4: Choose a format

The elaboration of the lecture content depends to some extent on the chosen format. If you select a diagram, a table, or a graph as the form of representation,  we can memorize some facts more quickly than simply listing the contents.

Choose the format that works for your summary!

Tip 5: Create a checklist

Before you start with your summary, it is important to take the last step: create a checklist of the points that must be included in your learning sheet. With the help of this list, you could easily check that you had not forgotten to fill in essential information.

Make a checklist of the most important content and go through it before you start summarizing!

summaryWrite the summary correctly.

You edited information and created a clear structure. Good preparation is half the job! You can finally deal with the creation of your study sheet. Observe the following notes, and in the result, you will write a perfect summary.

  • Pay attention to which tense you have chosen. A summary is always written in the present tense.
  • Pay attention to your language: write factually, do not use slang words.
  • Check whether all sentences are logically related to each other. Must justify every statement.

After you’ve followed all of our tips and already completed your summary, you can put the finishing touches on it. Take colorful pencils and make the study sheet with beautiful pictures. If your summary is varied and stylish, exam preparation will not be so stressful and boring.


We have written step-by-step instructions for you to help you write a good summary. If you follow our tips, your exam preparation will be easier. In any case, you will be positively impressed by the results. Good luck with the implementation!

Essay writing techniques

essay writingStudents today must be able to and express their own thoughts., students receive an assignment related to writing an essay-reasoning. This makes it easier for the students to cope with the final essay in the future. The key to creating interesting and literate essays is reading books, watching documentaries. Also, live communication and, of course, doing creative work on a regular basis.

Characteristic of essays and what are the methods of writing an essay-reasoning?

The most important thing is to reflect one main, formulated and well-grounded idea. Remember that this is creative work and you should not be afraid to express even the most daring ideas.

An essay-reasoning can be written according to the following plan:

  1. Thesis (formulated thoughts that need to be proven);
  2. Arguments (convincing evidence of your thoughts);
  3. Conclusion (generalization of your theses, recommendations, forecasts).


The work should start with an introduction that will reveal the urgency of the problem.

For example, the theme of the essay-reasoning is “Happiness … What it is.” The introduction should begin with a statement about the existence of many things about which you can talk, as well as about happiness. After the first sentence, the first thesis can be formulated. For example, having written that “happiness is a feeling and a state of complete, highest satisfaction”. One should either confirm this thought with evidence. Else, give arguments that refute this point of view. For example, you can clarify that each person has their own idea of ​​happiness: for some it is a strong family, for others – unlimited financial opportunities, for others it is an opportunity to help other people. The main part of the essay should be arguments: about 2/3 of the total volume of work should be devoted to them.

essay writingBody

The most successful arguments, as a rule, are facts from history, statistics, current events with a wide resonance in society. For writing school essays, references to literary works, in which the events, life stories of the heroes, can confirm your idea and thoughts, become weighty arguments. The arguments in the essay are arranged in ascending order, that is, from convincing to the most convincing.


Your conclusion should deepen the thesis and express advice or any predictions. Or, you can give the opinion of great personalities. In our case, we can refer to Aristotle, who believed that the secret of happiness lies in the self-realization of the individual. You can write that, in his opinion, it is the person who knows his destiny and reveals his own potential that can be happy. If you are impressed by this idea, you should state it. For example, write that this is true, since nothing makes a person as happy as the opportunity to do what he loves. All these arguments can be summarized, for example, with the following phrase: life next to loved ones, their health, peace and stability – all this forms the concept of happiness. The very ability to live, breathe, feel is already happiness.

We hope that our tips will help you in essay writing  in the form of reasoning, and teachers will appreciate your efforts only for the highest score.

Go ahead and don’t be afraid to share your thoughts and ideas with other people!


How to design an abstract?

an abstractIt happens that a student brings the teacher a wonderful, deep essay that reveals the topic, and the teacher wraps up the work due to incorrect design. It is especially offensive to receive such a surprise before the test or exam, which is not allowed without a valid abstract. So, the design of the abstract is not a trifle.

Yet, there is nothing complicated in the rules for preparing an abstract. Problems usually arise with freshmen who do not yet know how to draw up an essay (because they were too lazy to find out before submitting). But this article will help those who did not take a training manual at the department and thought about registration the night before the delivery of the work – you must agree, a common situation!

Sometimes it happens with the correct design of an abstract among new student-students. Having decided to earn some money, a novice student thinks that it is enough to write a work, and is very upset when a customer requires improvements with a scandal: the design is not according to the standard. So, it seems to us that this article will also be useful for students.

General rules for writing abstracts

There are several types of abstracts, but in this case, we mean the format of educational work. This is a work that can be called a smaller, simpler version of the term paper. So, the educational abstract is drawn up in general in the same way as coursework and diplomas.

In many universities, and even more so in schools, they approach the design of an abstract less, allowing small deviations from the strict GOST standard. Some faculties have their own rules regarding the design of work, especially title pages (so, in addition to studying the general rules described below, we still recommend taking a training manual at the department; sometimes special requirements are invented by teachers precisely in order to check whether you have read this manual or not?).

But in general, it is enough to follow the basic rules of the choice of font, footnotes, numbering, content design, bibliography, title page.

It is best if you study the rules for preparing an abstract under GOST, which correspond to the standards for the design of more serious research papers. Even if the teacher is not a nitpicker, these skills will not be superfluous. And if you come across a “bureaucrat” from our classification of scientific leaders, then the design of the abstract by GOST will be more important than the content!

How to draw up an abstract?

  1. Use Times New Roman font. This is not spelled out in GOST, but the practice is already established.
  2. the size is 14, sometimes 12. It is better to check this point with the teacher. As a rule, the 14th is chosen for educational work, but if the volume of the abstract is large, it makes sense to choose a smaller size. But a larger one is impossible, since the teacher will immediately understand that you are inflating the volume.
  3. Line spacing is one and a half. A larger interval, again, indicates an attempt to cheat with volume.
  4. Sheet orientation – portrait. Landscape is sometimes allowed in the design of applications (for example, wide tables).
  5. Margins: 1.5 cm for the top, 3 cm for the bottom, 1.5 cm for the right and 2.5 cm for the left (1 cm is a margin for filing sheets). Increasing margins is sometimes used by students to increase the number of sheets, but this practice can get in trouble, especially if you are completely insolent and set it in settings 3 – 3 – 3 – 4.
  6. A4 sheets, density – standard for printing by a printer, white color.
  7. The text is printed on only one side of the sheet. The turnover must remain clean. By the way, a common mistake among beginners, often writing on both sides, like in a notebook.
  8. Numbering (in Arabic numerals) is put down from the third sheet (from the introduction). The 1st and 2nd sheets (title and content), according to GOST, are not numbered, but taken into account in the calculation. put, there are no numbers on the first two sheets at the bottom, on the sheet with the introduction – already put “3”. Applications are not numbered.

an abstractThe title page consists of the following parts:

  • A cap with the full name of the educational institution (university, college, school, etc.), the name of the faculty and department, as well as the phrase “Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation” (it is sometimes excluded when making the title page of an abstract). Formatting is centered.
  • The inscription “ABSTRACT” with the name of the work and the sign of the discipline. Center formatting. Sometimes the name is indicated simply, without quotation marks, sometimes it fits into the formula … on the topic “Ν” … (the same with the sign of the discipline; specify the specific requirements at the department). Center formatting, positioning approximately in the middle of the sheet (or higher).
  • Information about the author (full name, course, sometimes a group or department) and supervisor (full name, position, scientific degree – either in the format “Doctor of History”, “Candidate of Medical Sciences”, or expanded, specify in the manual). This block is located 7 – 9 intervals below the previous one. Please note that the block is on the right, but the first letters of the lines are lined up – you can achieve this arrangement using the Tab key.
  • The final block with information about the city in which the educational institution is located and the year of writing the work. Located at the very bottom of the sheet, formatting in the center.
  • The main font size for the title page is 14, but the word “ABSTRACT” and the title of the topic are usually set larger.



Types of essays

essaysWe are happy to read some essays in the next magazine or collection. Others – we skim and do not remember. Still others become literary monuments. And it’s not just the author’s talent. Much depends on what topic you are covering and to whom you are writing.

There are many types of essays.  For instance, there are philosophical, creative, authentic, historical, artistic basic articles. As indicated by their structure, they are isolated into notes, letters, expressive miniatures, reviews. By the method of introduction – into descriptive and narrative, analytical and critical, essay illustrations, classifications and others.

How about we start with the least difficult method of introduction.

Description Essays

In such an essay, we describe an object. It can be a flower, any product, a person or an animal, the work of an artist or a film – in short, anything. In the description, it is important not just to convey the main characteristics of the object – appearance, smell, texture, but to reflect your feelings. There is no place for criticism and analysis in the essay description, but subjectivity is still present – in the very signs that you paid attention to, in the wording, in the emotional coloring.

A process description can be added to a subtype. In some ways, it is associated with a narrative: you describe any actions in chronological order, but there is no place for conflict in the text.

essaysNarrative Essays

Action, action and only action! Narrative is a chronological presentation of events from the first or third person. It can be a short biography or a story about some important event. The main components of such an essay are the opening, the climax and the denouement. Accordingly, there must be a conflict.

Definition Essays

The essay definition has one goal – to reveal a particular concept. To do this, you can use elements of storytelling, descriptions, illustrations, analytics.

Classification Essays

The text you are reading can hardly be called an essay classification. We take a concept, isolate a principle, create a classification. Thus, we take the topic deeper.

Comparison Essays

In classification, you dismember a concept. In comparison, you take another, related concept, draw parallels, look for similarities and differences.essays

Illustration Essay

Everything is simple here: your goal is to prove a statement. To do this, you select and provide examples. It is important that these examples really prove your words.

Argumentation Essays

If in the illustration you give examples, then in the essay argumentation – facts that support your statement. It is important to structure these facts logically. In contrast to the illustration, here the author is pushing a rational link, not emotions.

Causal Analysis Essay

Cause → effect. Your essay can be built on this. You no longer just bring facts, but analyze and build them into a logical chain.

As you can see, the text can have different structures and different purposes. The choice in favor of this or that genre or method of presentation depends on the goals. By becoming familiar with the different ways and genres, you can already figure out how to write an essay correctly in your case.



What is an explanatory note to the thesis?

explanatory noteYou have already written and designed your thesis by studying our article What is a thesis, and now you are preparing to defend it. Remember – in order for your work to score a good grade, you still need to write an “explanatory note” to it. But what it is we will analyze in this article.

The concept 

An explanatory note to the thesis is the document for which you receive an assessment or even a qualification. Since the document is official exist in the archives of the educational institution for several more years. It is very important to follow the rules for its execution.

How to write an explanatory note

It is like the thesis project itself, is written on A4 sheets, in Times New Roman font, 14-point size, only its volume is much larger – up to 100 pages. It contains an introduction, main body and conclusions. In the introduction, as in other works, the purpose, subject, tasks for solving the problem under study are indicated. We considered how to write the introduction in the previous article, the main part is written according to the plan of the thesis itself, the conclusion indicates the result of the work done.

How to properly draw up an explanatory note

As we already understood, the explanatory note is a detailed plan of the content of the thesis.explanatory note

General requirements for registration

The content of the explanatory note divides into subsections. Paragraphs in the same way as in the thesis and is written in an official business style. The information presents clearly and rather. When drawing up an explanatory note, it is allowed to use various inserts (diagrams, drawings). Abbreviations drawn up in accordance with requirements.

Requirements for the explanatory note itself

  • The font is the same as the thesis;
  • Alignment – to the width of the page;
  • Numbering – continuous, in Arabic numerals;
  • Section tables – centered, from a new sheet, separated from the main text by an indent of 1 paragraph;
  • Inserts (tables, diagrams) – numbered and signed according to established standards.

Decoration of tables, diagrams, figures

The design of various diagrams, figures, tables follow the following rules:

  • Center position of the sheet;
  • Placed only after the link to it in the text;
  • Numbering, as in the thesis itself.

When filling out an explanatory note, be sure to check spelling and punctuation errors, because this is an official document!

How to write an explanatory memorandum to the diploma so that it becomes the icing on the cake and convinces the commission that you have really done a phenomenal research work? The writers who work on the nursing assignment help website will help you to cope with this! With their experience and talent, they will bring out the value of your scientific work in the best possible light. In order to order a thesis or just an explanatory note to it, you need to go to our website and entrust everything to professionals.