A scientific paper deals with a topic that is worked out systematically and logically.
A scientific paper’s structure is divided into an introduction, the main part, and a conclusion. This is followed by the bibliography and often an affidavit.
We’ll show you the most important rules that you should follow when writing academic papers.
The introduction to your text consists of
- The description of the target
- The introduction to the topic and
- The description of the structure of your scientific work
Goal of the scientific work
Your scientific work can have different goals:
- A question, e.g., A research question, is answered.
- A hypothesis, statement, or opinion is confirmed or refuted.
- A complicated subject is explained.
- A new phenomenon or a new idea is discussed.
- A certain prediction is made about a situation.
Introduction to the topic
As soon as you know your scientific paper goal, you can familiarize yourself with the underlying topic.
In the introduction, you present the topic and thereby establish a framework for your scientific work.
Description of the structure
You describe which sub-topics you will deal with in the individual sections of the scientific work.
Before writing the introduction on a scientific paper, create a keyword list for your scientific work’s goal, topic, and subtopic. This makes it easier to structure and describe the structure of your work in the introduction.
In the main part of your scientific work, you will develop answers to your question by:
- Narrow down your topic and explain technical terms
- Theories and concepts are investigating.
- Name arguments and structure them.
- Use research methods if necessary.
- Your text into sections and paragraphs
Narrow down the topic and explain technical terms
In your main part, give enough background information on your topic.
Define all relevant technical terms that are necessary for understanding your scientific work.
Explore theories and concepts
Do a literature search to find out which studies on your subject already exist. Provide an overview of the current state of research and present essential theories and concepts.
Make sure to identify other people’s thoughts by properly citing sources, direct quotations, or paraphrases.
Build your argument logically by including information such as:
- Describing chronologically
- Organize according to their importance
- Structured according to sub-topics
- From different perspectives
Use research methods
You can generate answers to your questions by doing your research. The application of methods is common for theses.
If you use research methods in your scientific work, please state:
- What kind of exam are you doing?
- How you collect the data
- What characteristics your data have
- How to conduct your investigation
- How to analyze your data
Also, make sure that you adhere to quality criteria such as validity and reliability.
Use sections and paragraphs
A logical division into sections or chapters and paragraphs is crucial for the structure of your scientific work.
If one can break down your scientific work into sub-topics, divide the sub-topics into sub-chapters.
At the end, you round off the scientific work by:
- Summarizes the main insights of your main part
- Describes whether and how the goal of the work was achieved and
- Meet important requirements for a happy ending.
In the introduction, you described your scientific work’s aim and dealt with the associated topic in the main part.
In the end, you reflect on whether and how you have achieved this goal. If you didn’t achieve the goal, reflect on why you did. Also, describe what alternatively you could have done to achieve it.
Requirements for a happy ending
To write a happy ending, you should:
- Depict how you achieved the goal or reflect on why you did not achieve it
- Take up important topics from the main part again precisely.
- Do not mention any new information.
- Do not interpret results.
- Relate to facts and quote them correctly
- Do not give any new examples.
- Formulate a catchy last sentence
In the bibliography, you list all sources that you have cited and used in your scientific work.
Enter the author, year of publication, title, place of publication, and publisher for each source.
Make sure that you use a consistent citation style throughout the text.
Depending on your field of study’s requirements, you may have to insert an affidavit at the end of your scientific work.
You declare that you wrote the work yourself and that you only used the sources you specified in the bibliography.